the other famiglia

“Inside the World of the ‘Ndrangheta”
“01/04/2012
“By Andreas Ulrich

“Encounters with the Calabrian Mafia

“The shadowy Calabrian mafia, the ‘Ndrangheta, has become one of the most powerful criminal organizations in the Western world through its dominance of the European cocaine trade. For the first time, local syndicate bosses described their business model to SPIEGEL. It’s a mixture of entrepreneurial talent, skillful management and deadly ruthlessness….

“‘My German is better than my Italian,’ admits Carlo, who has been living in Germany for 30 years. He is wearing a black shirt, black trousers and black loafers — elegant Italian products, all made of high-quality materials. He was baptized at 18, he says.

“He is referring to the secret ritual in which he was accepted into the ‘onorata società,’ or ‘honored society,’ as the ‘Ndrangheta calls itself. His uncle brought him into the organization. This is often the case in such organizations, where cohesion is based on kinship and there are few traitors as a result….

“In its early days, the organization was little more than a loose collection of rural clans. Their activities centered around controlling their villages, protection money, hold-ups and public contracts….

“The experts with Germany’s BKA have studied the current structure of the ‘Ndrangheta. According to the BKA report, the syndicate is “no longer structured horizontally in individual family clans, but, like the Cosa Nostra, in the form of a pyramid.” In the province of Reggio Calabria, for example, the ‘Ndrangheta has divided itself into three so-called mandamenti. A ‘provincial commission,’ which rules over the entire organization, elects a ‘capo crimine,’ or chairman, each year….

“Although the ‘Ndrangheta operates worldwide, all important decisions are made in Calabria. In an era of globalization, the drug trade remains relatively anachronistic. Cocaine from South America arrives in southern Italy before it is distributed across the European continent. The clans feel safe on their home turf, which they treat as their territory….

“The Piromalli-Molé are among the most powerful ‘Ndrangheta clans in the region around Gioia Tauro. They are wholesalers in the international cocaine business. They have family connections in South America, and they have their agents in Germany, including people like Carlo….

To this day, strategic alliances are formed between families in the ‘Ndrangheta through marriage….

“”Gratteri is the anti-mafia prosecutor in Reggio Calabria. The prosecutor believes that the weakness of the state is also the strength of the ‘Ndrangheta. The mob bosses provide jobs, help people sort out problems with the government bureaucracy and recruit their young blood from the army of the unemployed and the hopeless. Gratteri also has no illusions about the police, which he says is already infiltrated by the ‘Ndrangheta, because of close family ties.

previously: la famiglia

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north vs. south

steve sailer mentions that in the latest PISA scores, “Northern Italians outscore Sicilians.”

yes. yes, they do. [link opens a spreadsheet.]

from table S.I.c. on that spreadsheet – “Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the reading scale”:

448 – Italy (Provincia Calabria) – on the “toe” of italy
451 – Italy (Provincia Campania) – southern italy
453 – Italy (Provincia Sicilia) – sicily
469 – Italy (Provincia Sardegna) – sardinia
471 – Italy (Provincia Molise) – southern italy
473 – Italy (Provincia Basilicata) – southern italy
480 – Italy (Provincia Abruzzo) – central italy
481 – Italy (Provincia Lazio) – central italy
489 – Italy (Provincia Puglia) – the “heel” of the boot
490 – Italy (Provincia Autonoma of Bolzano) – northern italy – 73% speak italian, 26% speak german – heavily settled by italians during the “italianization programme” of the 1920s. sorry. that was about the city of bolzano, not the province which is still majority german speaking.
490 – Italy (Provincia Umbria) – central italy
491 – Italy (Provincia Liguria) – northern italy
493 – Italy (Provincia Toscana) – central italy
496 – Italy (Provincia Piemonte) – northern italy
499 – Italy (Provincia Marche) – central italy
502 – Italy (Provincia Emilia Romagna) – northern italy
505 – Italy (Provincia Veneto) – northern italy
508 – Italy (Provincia Trento) – northern italy
513 – Italy (Provincia Friuli Venezia Giulia) – northern italy
514 – Italy (Provincia Valle d’Aosta) – northern italy
522 – Italy (Provincia Lombardia) – named, of course, after the lombards, the bunch o’ germans who settled there once upon a time.

back to you, dennis!

update 12/11: from table S.I.u. on that spreadsheet – “Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the mathematics scale”:

442 – Italy (Provincia Calabria) – on the “toe” of italy
447 – Italy (Provincia Campania) – southern italy
450 – Italy (Provincia Sicilia) – sicily
456 – Italy (Provincia Sardegna) – sardinia
467 – Italy (Provincia Molise) – southern italy
473 – Italy (Provincia Lazio) – central italy
474 – Italy (Provincia Basilicata) – southern italy
476 – Italy (Provincia Abruzzo) – central italy
486 – Italy (Provincia Umbria) – central italy
488 – Italy (Provincia Puglia) – the “heel” of the boot
491 – Italy (Provincia Liguria) – northern italy
493 – Italy (Provincia Toscana) – central italy
493 – Italy (Provincia Piemonte) – northern italy
499 – Italy (Provincia Marche) – central italy
502 – Italy (Provincia Valle d’Aosta) – northern italy
503 – Italy (Provincia Emilia Romagna) – northern italy
507 – Italy (Provincia Autonoma of Bolzano) – northern italy
508 – Italy (Provincia Veneto) – northern italy
510 – Italy (Provincia Friuli Venezia Giulia) – northern italy
514 – Italy (Provincia Trento) – northern italy
516 – Italy (Provincia Lombardia) – named, of course, after the lombards, the bunch o’ germans who settled there once upon a time.

from table S.I.x. on that spreadsheet – “Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the science scale”:

443 – Italy (Provincia Calabria) – on the “toe” of italy
446 – Italy (Provincia Campania) – southern italy
451 – Italy (Provincia Sicilia) – sicily
466 – Italy (Provincia Basilicata) – southern italy
469 – Italy (Provincia Molise) – southern italy
474 – Italy (Provincia Sardegna) – sardinia
480 – Italy (Provincia Abruzzo) – central italy
482 – Italy (Provincia Lazio) – central italy
490 – Italy (Provincia Puglia) – the “heel” of the boot
497 – Italy (Provincia Umbria) – central italy
498 – Italy (Provincia Liguria) – northern italy
500 – Italy (Provincia Toscana) – central italy
501 – Italy (Provincia Piemonte) – northern italy
504 – Italy (Provincia Marche) – central italy
508 – Italy (Provincia Emilia Romagna) – northern italy
513 – Italy (Provincia Autonoma of Bolzano) – northern italy
518 – Italy (Provincia Veneto) – northern italy
521 – Italy (Provincia Valle d’Aosta) – northern italy
523 – Italy (Provincia Trento) – northern italy
524 – Italy (Provincia Friuli Venezia Giulia) – northern italy
526 – Italy (Provincia Lombardia) – named, of course, after the lombards, the bunch o’ germans who settled there once upon a time.

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