il fascismo

i’ve shamelessly lifted the map below from m.g. miles who found it in emmanuel todd’s, “L’invention de l’Europe”:

my question is, what the h*ck is fascism? something to do with:

a) being germanic
b) having a high average iq
c) being a “corporate” society (during hard times)
d) all of the above
e) none of the above

(note: comments do not require an email. fascist cat.)